Office armchair

 

PIERRE GARNIER (CIRCA 1720 - 1800)


OFFICE ARMCHAIR


 

Louis XVI Period

 

Third quarter of 18th Century

 

 

Stamped twice by Pierre GARNIER : P.GARNIER

 

Pierre Garnier, Received Master in 1742

 


Dimensions :

Height : 34 in.

Width : 24,4 in.

 

 

 

Our office armchair Louis XVI in mahogany rests on four tapering and grooved legs supporting the circular base whose belt is decorated channels. Furnished with beautiful brown leather, our seat has moreover a mechanism making it possible to make swivel base.

This seat, with its caned structure of the enveloping back like by its simple and elegant ornamentation of grooves, is an excellent example of its century and the decorative taste of its time for Antiquity ; this inspiration is reinforced by the use of the solid mahogany which is born in the cabinet work and joinery at the end of the 18th century and knows its apogee under the First Empire. 

If the discovery of the ruins of Pompéi and Herculanum gives birth to the neoclassical taste, England, in addition to the advent of the dining room, gives birth to another form from passion which also influences the world of furniture: the mahogany. This new fashion crosses the English Channel to come to impregnate themselves in creations of the Parisian craftsmen and to give rise so that one called at that time: “anglomania”.

Mahogany is a rare and invaluable wood in particular because it is very expensive with the importation and consequently reserved for a certain class of commercial drapers, craftsmen and thus with fortunate customers.

The marquis de Marigny, director of the Building industries of the King and brother of Madame de Pompadour, has a notable influence on the formation of the style “to Greek” in furniture, but it will not remain either insensitive with the charm of the mahogany tree.

This influence flashes certainly back on the work of Pierre Garnier, to which it placed from very many orders. 

Thanks to his undeniable talent and with his adaptability to the fluctuations of the taste, Pierre Garnier will count, among his customers, of very rich characters of the kingdom who will place to him from important orders. He will work in particular for the general receiver of Finances, for the duchess of Mazarin but especially for the marquis de Marigny.

Although cabinetmaker, Pierre Garnier made, in a surprising way, because of it is contrary with the corporative habits, 36 armchairs in mahogany delivered from 1778 for the dinning room and the music room of the marqui de Marigny in Paris. 

Our seat was part of a whole of office chairs realized by Pierre Garnier or his friend Joseph Canabas also famous for his pieces of furniture in mahogany tree. In this group, we can quote in particular the armchair stamped of Canabas and carrying the mark with the fire of the National Assembly.